35 of 120 Congressmen Peruvians supported by the national land and labor leadership are asking the US Senate to postpone the ratification of FTA and renegotiate the agricultural chapter in order not to deepen poverty, unemployment and drug trafficking in Peru and migration to USA .
Lima, Peru, November 26, 2007
Ladies and gentlemen:
1. We want to assure our support for a higher FTA, in a genuine free trade, to enable the majority of investors in Peru and the United States, which are small and medium, and the rural and urban workers, participate in an efficient and equitable globalization, which ensures the smooth greater poverty and exclusions.
2. We represent into our 120 members unicameral Congress to most of the 28 million citizens of Peru, half of whom live in poverty and 20% in extreme poverty despite the country's GDP has been growing at rates close the 6% from six years ago. We were chosen as the first force in 18 of 24 regions, whose employment and income mostly depends on agricultural production.
3. FTA schemes negotiated by Bush and Toledo, and supported today by the Alan Garcia, has been subject to adjustments in chapters environmental and labor but have been left intact chapters and topics that affect agriculture and textiles directly-as producers, consumer or marketers - to the whole of the Peruvian population.
4. We urge Senators of the United States to postpone the discussion of the text of the FTA (APC) approved a few days ago by the House of Representatives of the United States (285 votes with 132 against), for the following reasons:
A) In our view, the US Senate should ensure the legality of the procedures followed in Peru to approve this treaty before ratifying it. Given our Lawsuits December 2006 and November 2007 the Constitutional Court has just postponed its opinion arguing that it can only do so if it were to adopt the current text of the FTA.
B) It is unnecessary haste in the US Senate since the ATPDEA Andean country -which expires in February 2008 - will be extended to security by some two years in anticipation of NAFTA in Colombia and Panama.
C) It is our firm conviction - that we would like prove - that the adoption of this treaty in its current version would harm US and Peru. By deepening the disadvantages of Peruvian agriculture would enhance regional and social inequality, poverty, unemployment and job insecurity, and the production of coca for drug trafficking. Therefore increase rather than reduce migratory pressures towards impoverished Peruvians to USA. This can and should be avoided. We are still in time.
Finally, we ask allows a direct dialogue with you before the vote on FTA Peru / US